Refining & Petrochemicals World Conference 2018
Rakesh Roy

Refining & Petrochemicals World Conference 2018:
Underlining the Emerging Trends in Refining & Petrochemicals with today's Changing Business Dynamics

Date: 21-23 February 2018
Venue: CIDCO Exhibition Centre, Vashi, Navi Mumbai

Chemtech organised the 9th edition of Refining & Petrochemicals World Conference on 22 February 2018 at Mumbai India, along with Oil & Gas World Expo 2018. The theme "Emerging Trends in Refining & Petrochemicals in the Face of Global Uncertainties" was designed to highlight the recent exponential growth trajectory of India's refining sector, along the challenges arising from the use of renewable energy, alternative fuels and strong inclination of Indian government to shift the automotive industry from fossil fuels to electric vehicles.

Over 100 delegates from refining, petrochemicals, EPC ser vices and other allied sectors attended the one-day conference. Eminent Speakers delved over Integration of Refinery & Petrochemicals and latest Hydrogen Technology, Integration of Engineering & Operations, New Technology Trends in the whole day technical sessions.

The first technical session focused on Integration of Refinery and Petrochemicals, and Hydrogen Technology

Commencing the session, the Session Chairman - D M Katre of Reliance Industries Ltd, emphasized the need of integration between Refinery and Petrochemical to improve Refinery margins.

(L-R) Kishore Sonawane, Senior Business Development Manager, Thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions (India) Pvt Ltd; D M Katre, President, Reliance Industries Ltd; Claes Tigerstrand, Head - Southern Europe & Overseas Technical Market Development & Customer Service, BA Europe - Outokumpu; and Nandakumar V, Chief General Manager (Petchem and R & D), Mangalore Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd

The fact that most of the petrochemical produces invite a higher degree of margin vis-à-vis the fuels, there is a strong case for integration between refinery and Petrochemical Complex, wherein, both feed as well as energy integration can be exploited for soliciting higher revenues, he said.

Nandakumar V of Mangalore Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd, said that while refining capacity additions are a need to meet the primary energy demand in the country, growing demand-supply gap of the petrochemicals also need to be addressed while adding refining capacity.

Right Technology sourcing and government policies can support production of petrochemicals and creating clusters of manufacturing with allied industries , he added.

Claes Tigerstrand, Outokumpu, stressed on the use of high -end stainless steels and Nickle & Nickle alloys at refining & petrochemical industry due to their excellent properties such as corrosion, heat and pressure resistanc.

He said that the materials are resistant to both aqueous and gaseous corrosion plus they can be used in environments from cryogenic to very high temperatures.

Kishore Sonawane, thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions (India) Private Limited, said that while the demand for energy is increasing, the demands for more stringent product specifications for cleaner fuels, reduced fuel oil demand and the economic advantages in processing heavier sourer crudes are increasing. Thus, the demand for hydrogen in refineries continues to grow.

'New Technology Trends' was discussed on the second session
The session was chaired by Dr Debesh Patra of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. He said that the refining industry will continue to grow in the coming days with the increased demand from the developing countries being the principal driver for that growth.

He said that the global refining capacity was around 3.6 billion tonnes in 2016 and is expected to rise about 4.2 billion tonnes in 2030.

The Session Co-Chairman, Martin Hawkins of HPCL-Mittal Energy Limited, believed that a lot of brownfield and greenfield refining & petrochemicals projects are coming up worldwide in the coming years and companies will likely have to take a more disciplined approach to capacity additions and all petrochemical players will need to work much harder on core capabilities and strategy.

(L-R) Elvis Joseph, Chemtrols Industries Pvt Ltd; Nitin Gupta, Chemtrols Industries Pvt Ltd; Timur Zaripov, Global Sales Director, Lotus; Dr Debesh Patra, Chief General Manager (Planning), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd; Martin Hawkins, COO, HPCL-Mittal Energy Ltd; and Tobias Botzenhardt, Vice President Asia Pacific, Enterprise Data Intelligence and Analytics, Siemens Industry Software Pte Ltd

This will include using digital and advanced analytics to reach a new level of productivity, and attaining higher capital productivity on the industry's large-scale projects. Companies must also work on reinventing the interface with oil refining as the gas-driven era winds down, he said.

Tobias Botzenhardt of Siemens Industry Software Pte Ltd, described how does Digitalisation changes all areas of today's life: The way we stay informed, the way we travel, the way we buy things - and the way we manufacture products.

He said that Electrification, automation and digitalization - E-A-D in short - are the three main drivers of growth and innovation in any organization in the future.

Nitin Gupta & Elvis Joseph of Chemtrols Industries Pvt Ltd, said that the Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) of Refinery is very critical because of chemicals and processes involved in it and stressed on considering several factors for the selection of Control Valve including per formance needs, testing procedures and lifecycle requirements, and environmental requirements such as fugitive emissions or reducing /eliminating flares.

Although, there is a need of what technology will be utilized, from the logic solver to the final control element (valve) and contract management, considering budgets, suppliers and schedule needs, they added.

Timur Zaripov of Lotus, emphasized on improving the efficiency of heat transfer at refinery & petrochemicals complex to reduce costs.

Session on Transition of India's Energy Basket looking at the COP
The last session was in the form of panel discussion and moderated by Parag Chepe of thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions (India) Private Limited. He said that the transition from current usage of Coal & fossil fuel to unconventional mode is a mammoth task. However a flexible alternative of fossil fuel as sources of clean energy can be achieved through measures like; Coal conversion development, materials technology, technical support to major liquefaction projects, process analysis and engineering evaluations, fossil energy environmental analysis, flue gas desulfurization, atmospheric fluidized bed coal combustor for cogeneration, etc.

Dr. Debesh Patra of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, in highlighting India's energy share in global energy consumption said that India's share of world energy consumption was 4.4% in 2000, increased to 5.6% in 2013 and is expected be 11% in 2040. That is much less than 18% of share of India's population (India -1.6 billion, World - 9.1 billion).

Sourabh Mukherjee of Jacobs Engineering, said that the fall in the price of clean energy is driving massive capacity build across Asia and that is an opportunity that even conventional energy firms can't ignore.

D M Katre of Reliance Industries Ltd, pointed out the need of timely investment in green technologies to achieve the target set for energy integration of the country.

This is significant, given India's burgeoning electricity demand and the persistent supply demand gap - the pursuit towards cleaner energy sources will have a crucial role in enabling the country's transition to a fully sustainable energy system, he added.

(L-R) Dr Kamaraj Duraisamy, Partner – KAC International; Sourabh Mukherjee, Director of Global Sales, Jacobs Engineering; Dr Debesh Patra, Chief General Manager(Planning), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd; Parag Chepe, Executive Director – Technologies (Fertilisers, Electrolysis, Polymers), thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions(India) Pvt Ltd; Dr Pramod Kumbhar, CTO & Executive Vice President, Praj Industries Ltd; and D M Katre, President, Reliance Industries Ltd

Dr Kamaraj Duraisamy of KAC International, said that while India has leapfrogged Euro IV to Euro VI Fuel emission standard in last few years, the integration of Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Technology and Diesel Exhaust Fluid in vehicles will play key role to meet stringent NOx emission standards adhere to Euro VI.

Dr Pramod Kumbhar of Praj India, highlighted the concerns about the rapid economic growth, energy security of the country, coupled with global climate change which have created a new landscape for fossil energy exploration, production, and utilization. He said that while efficiency improvements, fuel conservation, and deployment of nuclear and renewable supplies will help those concerns, however are unlikely to offset growth in the coming decades.

As such, new technologies and undertakings must both provide high quality fossil energy with minimal environmental impacts. Oil and gas supply can be partially sustained and replaced through exploitation of unconventional fossil fuels such as tar-sands, methane hydrates, coal-to-liquids, and oil shales, he added.